Do Men Over 40 Need Prostate Cancer Screening
Prostate Cancer is one condition that is specific to men and they have exclusive fear of developing. Since among the risk factors age is a major one, it is advisable that men over 40 undergo a prostate cancer screening. The decision to undergo the blood test or PSA (Prostate Specific Antigen) test usually starts from age 40 years and continues till you are at an age where your life expectancy is 10 years or less. Thereafter it does not matter that you will get affected by prostate cancer and it will progress.
To decide whether or not to go for the prostate cancer screening you should first be aware of the most important risk factors.
Risk Factors for Prostate Cancer
The Age: Definitely as you age, men have all the possibility of developing prostate cancer and after the age of 50 your chances of developing prostate cancer increases substantially. It is observed that prostate usually affects those over 65 years of age.
Family History: If someone in your family like father or brother had developed prostate cancer at an early age that is before 65 years then your chance of being affected by the disease is more. If the number of your close relation including father, brother, son have developed prostate cancer at an early age then there is a greater risk of your getting it.
The Race: Your ancestry is considered a major factor. Though today, prostate is a global phenomenon and afflicts a large number of aged men the world over.
Body Type: Consuming a high fat diet and having obesity is another important risk factor which will bring on prostate cancer.
Rectal Examination for Prostate Cancer
Other than the PSA test for Prostate Cancer your doctor may do a physical examination. There is now the option of a Digital Rectal Examination (DRE) too.
Doctor usually does a rectal examination by inserting a gloved and lubricated finger in to the rectum to feel for the prostate bumps if any or any other growth, swelling etc. It’s a simple, quick and easy test. The other option is TRVS which is even more convenient but may increase the cost for such examination.
Advantage of Screening
When a PSA is performed it can be a lifesaver for those who are already afflicted with prostate cancer and needs treatment at an early stage. After considering your age, the general health and the risk factors in consultation with your doctor you can take a decision.